Question 32: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 9-Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Answer the following question:
(a) The angle subtended at the eye by an object is equal to the angle subtended at the eye by the virtual image produced by a magnifying glass. In what sense then does a magnifying glass provide angular magnification?
(b) In viewing through a magnifying glass, one usually positions one’s eyes very close to the lens. Does angular magnification change if the eye is moved back?
(c) Magnifying power of a simple microscope is inversely proportional to the focal length of the lens. What then stops us from using a convex lens of smaller and smaller focal length and achieving greater and greater magnifying power?
(d) Why must both the objective and the eyepiece of a compound microscope have short focal lengths?
(e) When viewing through a compound microscope, our eyes should be positioned not on the eyepiece but a short distance away from it for best viewing. Why? How much should be that short distance between the eye and eyepiece?
(a) In magnifying glass the object is placed closer than 25 cm, which produces image at 25 cm. This closer object has larger angular size than the same object at 25 cm. In this way although the angle subtended by virtual image and object is same at eye but angular magnification is achieved.
(b) On moving the eye backward away from lens the angular magnification decreases slightly, as both the angle subtended by the
image at eye ‘a’ and by the object at eye ‘α’ decreases. Although the decrease in angle subtended by object a is relatively smaller.
(c) If we decrease focal length, the lens has to be thick with smaller radius of curvature. In a thick lens both the spherical aberrations and chromatic aberrations become pronounced. Further, grinding for small focal length is not easy. Practically we can not get magnifying power more than 3 with a simple convex lens.
(d) Magnifying power of a compound microscope is given by
(e) If we place our eye too close to the eyepiece, we shall not collect much of the light and also reduce our field of view. When we position our eye slightly away and the area of the pupil of our eye is greater, our eye will collect all the light refracted by the objective, and a clear image is observed by the eye.
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NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 9-Ray Optics and Optical Instruments