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Question 31: NCERT Class 12th Physics: Chapter 1 – Electric Charges And Fields

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Question 31: NCERT Class 12th Physics: Chapter 1 – Electric Charges And Fields

It is now believed that protons and neutrons (which constitute nuclei of ordinary matter) are themselves built out of more elementary units called quarks. A proton and a neutron consist of three quarks each. Two types of quarks, the so called ‘up’ quark (denoted by u) of charge + 2/3 e, and the ‘down’ quark (denoted by d) of charge (-1/3)e, together with electrons build up ordinary matter. [Quarks of other types have also been found which give rise to different unusual varieties of matter]. Suggest a possible quark composition of a proton and neutron.

 

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