Question 30: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 2-Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
A spherical capacitor has an inner sphere of radius 12 cm and outer sphere of radius 13 cm. The outer sphere is earthed and the inner sphere is given a charge of 2.5 μC. The space between the concentric spheres is filled with liquid of dielectric constant 32.
(a) Determine the capacitance of the capacitor.
(b) What is the potential of the inner sphere.
(c) Compare the capacitance of this capacitor with that of an isolated sphere of radius 12 cm. Explain why the latter is much smaller.
Here C > C0, because a single conductor A can be charged to a electric potential till it reaches the breakdown value of surroundings. But when another earthed metallic conductor B is ; brought near it, negative charge induced on it decreases the electric potential on A, hence more charge can not be stored on A.
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NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 2-Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance