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Question 27: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 9-Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

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Question 27: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 9-Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

A person looking at a person wearing a shirt with a pattern comprising vertical and horizontal lines is able to see the vertical lines more distinctly than the horizontal ones. What is this defect due to? How is such a defect of vision corrected?

 

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  1. Solution:
    This defect is called astigmatism. It arises due to non spherical cornea. The eye lens is ideally spherical and has same curvature in different planes, but in an astigmatic eye due to non spherical cornea the curvature may be insufficient in different planes.
    In the given situation the curvature in the vertical plane is enough, so vertical lines are visible distinctly. But the curvature is insufficient in the horizontal plane, hence horizontal lines appear blurred. The defect can be corrected by using a cylindrical lens with its axis along vertical. The parallel rays in the vertical plane will suffer no extra refraction but the parallel rays in the horizontal plane will be refracted largely and converges at the retina, according to the requirement to form the clear image of horizontal lines.

    Check the complete chapter with solutions.

    NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 9-Ray Optics and Optical Instruments