Question 2: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 6-Electromagnetic Induction
Use Lenz’s law to determine the direction of induced current in the situations described by figures.
(a) A wire of irregular shape turning into a circular shape:
(b) A circular loop being deformed into a narrow straight wire.
(a) Due to change in shape, area increases and consequently magnetic flux linked with it also increases. Using Lenz’s law, an induced current is set up in the circular wire in the anticlockwise direction to produce opposing flux. So magnetic field due to it is directed upward.
(b) Due to deformation of circular loop into a straight wire, its area decreases and consequently magnetic flux linked with it decreases. So an induced current is set up in the -anticlockwise direction, hence magnetic field is upward.
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NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 6-Electromagnetic Induction