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# Question 16: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 5-Magnetism and Matter

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Question 16: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 5-Magnetism and Matter

1. Why does a paramagnetic sample display greater magnetisation (for the same magnetising field) when cooled?
2. Why is diamagnetism, in contrast, almost independent of temperature?
3. If a toroid uses bismuth for its core, will the field in the core be (slightly) greater or (slightly) less than when the core is empty?
4. Is the permeability of a ferromagnetic material independent of the magnetic field? If not, is it more for lower or higher fields?
5. Magnetic field lines are always nearly normal to the surface of a ferromagnet at every point. (This fact is analogous to the static electric field lines being normal to the surface of a conductor at every point.) Why?
6. Would the maximum possible magnetisation of a paramagnetic sample be of the same order of magnitude as the magnetisation of a ferromagnet?

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1. Solution:

1. In paramagnetics, the tendency to disrupt the alignment of molecular dipoles with the external magnetising field arising from random thermal motion is reduced at lower temperatures.
2. In diamagnetics, the molecular dipole moments always align in direction opposite to that of external magnetising field, inspite of the internal motion of atoms.
3. As bismuth is diamagnetic, so the field in the toroid with bismuth core will be slightly less than when the core is empty.
4. No, the permeability of a ferromagnetic material is not independent of the magnetic field. It is more at higher fields.
5. As the magnetic permeability p of a ferromagnet is much larger than unity i.e., p » 1, so magnet field lines are always nearly normal to the surface of a ferromagnet at every point.
6. Yes, but for the maximum possible magnetisation of paramagnetic sample, impractically very high magnetising fields are required.

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NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 5-Magnetism and Matter

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