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Question 12: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 7-Alternating Current

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Question 12: NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 7-Alternating Current

An LC circuit contains a 20 mH inductor and a 50 μF capacitor with initial charge of 10 mC. The resistance of the circuit in negligible. Let the instant the circuit is closed be t = 0.
(a) What is the total energy stored initially? Is it conserved during LC oscillations?
(b) What is the natural frequency of the circuit?
(c) At what time is the energy stored

  • completely electrical (i.e., stored in the capacitor)?
  • completely magnetic (i.e., stored in the inductor)?

(d) At what times is the total energy shared equally between the inductor and capacitor?
(e) If a resistor is inserted in the circuit, how much energy is eventually dissipated as heat?

 

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1 Answer

  1. Solution:

    (a) Total energy is initially in the form of electric field within the plates of charged capacitor.

    If we neglect the losses due to resistance of connecting wires, the total energy remain consumed during LC oscillations.
    (b) Natural frequency of the circuit

    (c) Instantaneous electrical energy

    (d) timings for energy shared equally between inductor and capacitor.

    (e) When a resistor is inserted in the circuit, eventually all the energy will be lost as heat across resistance. The oscillation will be damped.

    Check the complete chapter with solutions.

    NCERT Solutions for 12th Class Physics: Chapter 7-Alternating Current