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NCERT Class 8 Civics: Chapter 2, Question Exercise Q.3

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NCERT Class 8 Civics: Chapter 2, Question Exercise Q.3

Complete the following table:

ObjectiveWhy is this important?Example of a violation of this objective
One religious community does not dominate another.
The State does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.
That some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community.

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  1. (a) This is important to protect the Fundamental Right to Freedom of Religion.

    Example of violation: the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6th December, 1992 by Hindu nationalists.

    (b) This is important to uphold the ideals of a democratic nation which allows its citizens freedom to choose whichever religion they wish to follow.

    Example: France, in February 2004, banned headscarves and turbans in public places, thereby hurting the sentiments of Muslim and Sikh minorities.

    (c) This is necessary to uphold individual freedom in the light of pressure from a group or religious community that one belongs to.

    Example, the Christian community is divided into Protestants and Catholics; Irish Catholics are looked down upon and troubled by the officials of the Church of England who are pre-dominantly Protestants.